Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 (HSPD-12) requires a Federal standard for secure and reliable forms of identification, as further defined by Department of Commerce regulations. Secure and reliable forms of identification must be:
- Issued based on sound criteria for verifying an individual's identify;
- Strongly resistant to identity fraud, tampering, counterfeiting, and terrorist exploitation;
- Able to rapidly authenticate electronically; and
- Issued only by providers whose reliability has been established by an official accreditation process.
This directive is to "be implemented in a manner consistent with the Constitution and applicable laws, including the Privacy Act (5 U.S.C. sec. 552a) and other statutes protecting the rights of Americans."
- enhance security;
- increase Government efficiency;
- reduce identity fraud; and
- protect personal privacy
The successful implementation of HSPD-12 will increase the security of Federal facilities and Federal IT systems. This will provide better protection for the employees, the information systems and the employee's work products.
The DoD CIO recently announced that in the one year since DoD mandated the use of the CAC (smart card) for access to unclassified networks and systems, successful intrusions dropped by 46 percent! [Reference: http://www.fcw.com/article97480-01-25-07-Web]